Romans 1:19-32 and 3:9-18 describe the unrighteous state of people.
Romans 2:5-11 says Judgment is coming on those who do unrighteousness; eternal life to those who do righteousness.
How you gonna deal with that?
Romans 1:19-25--Deny God
Romans 1:32—revel in joint sin
Romans 2:12-29—keep the law
--None of these things has power to make unrighteous people righteous.
--Gospel has this power, same power that raised Christ from the dead raises you to new life—Romans 1:4 and 16.
--Justification is more than God pretending you are righteous: he makes you righteous, makes you into someone who can do righteousness.
Keep thee far from a false matter; and the innocent and righteous slay thou not: for I will not justify the wicked.
He that justifieth the wicked, and he that condemneth the just, even they both are abomination to the Lord.
Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.20 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin.
Under law—Jews. Mouth—boasting, self-justifying words. Justified—held and treated as righteous, to show one to be righteous.
Law cannot declare anyone righteous, law declares people to be sinners. Mouth shutting humility is the result of hearing the law, not justification.
But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets;22 Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference: For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;
Righteousness of—God’s mode of making people righteous. All—Jew and Gentile, can both be made righteous by faith in Christ. Glory—another aspect of God’s glory?
Main point of OT was to point to Messiah. Fallen short—failed to earn His approval.
Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:25 Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;26 To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.
Freely—it’s right there for anyone to take. Redemption—payment of ransom, bondage>deliverance>and price paid, His blood. Not forgiveness by decree, but by a redeeming act. Propitiation—appease, placate, an atoning victim; blood of sacrifice on mercy seat so God would meet with His people. Past sins—sins done before Christ’s sacrifice.
Declare—demonstrate. Justifier—a righteous way to declare unjust sinners to be just.