Scripture Reading: Romans 11:1-22
--Augustine concludes about God’s election of some, we must not doubt that God is just “even when He does what seems to men unjust, or what, if it were done by a man, would actually be unjust.”
John 3:16—God loved the world. Calvinism says God loved the elect.
AW Pink, Calvinist theologian, said God so loved the world of John 3:16 means God so loved the “world of believers.”
Calvinism sees God’s love as a weakness, a breach of sovereignty. But God is love, how does a loving God be sovereign? He loves all, Calvinism claims he only loves His own—love seeketh not her own.
1 Peter 1:1-2—FOREKNOWLEDGE is a key word
Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the strangers scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia,2 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.
Election and predestination [Romans 8:29] are based on God knowing before.
What we foreknew we don’t know, but we are told foreknowledge is the basis.
Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth.19 Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he yet find fault? For who hath resisted his will?20 Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou made me thus?21 Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour?
Key Calvinist passage.
9:18--God has mercy on whom He has mercy—does He ever tell us who God has mercy on, or is it arbitrary? Respect of persons. God shows mercy to the merciful.
Romans 2:11—there is no respect of persons with God.
Exodus 20:6; Deuteronomy 5:10-- And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.
2 Chronicles 6:14-- O Lord God of Israel, there is no God like thee in the heaven, nor in the earth; which keepest covenant, and shewest mercy unto thy servants, that walk before thee with all their hearts
Isaiah 55:6-7--Seek ye the Lord while he may be found, call ye upon him while he is near:7 Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts: and let him return unto the Lord, and he will have mercy upon him; and to our God, for he will abundantly pardon.
Matthew 5:7-- Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy.
Jeremiah 18:1-8-- Potter and clay—Romans 9:21
The word which came to Jeremiah from the Lord, saying,2 Arise, and go down to the potter's house, and there I will cause thee to hear my words.3 Then I went down to the potter's house, and, behold, he wrought a work on the wheels.4 And the vessel that he made of clay was marred in the hand of the potter: so he made it again another vessel, as seemed good to the potter to make it.5 Then the word of the Lord came to me, saying,
6 O house of Israel, cannot I do with you as this potter? saith the Lord. Behold, as the clay is in the potter's hand, so are ye in mine hand, O house of Israel.7 At what instant I shall speak concerning a nation, and concerning a kingdom, to pluck up, to pull down, and to destroy it;8If that nation, against whom I have pronounced, turn from their evil, I will repent of the evil that I thought to do unto them.
They were made bad before, now they will be remade, the remaking will happen when they repent of their evil. Why is Paul bringing up potters and clay in Romans 9? For how individuals get saved, or because he’s talking about Israel?
What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction:23 And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory,24 Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?25 As he saith also in Osee, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved.
The focus of chapter 9 is the place of Israel and how God ruled over them to get them where they needed to be to bring Messiah. Even their rebellion was use to bring in Gentiles.
Ultimately, through the unbelief of Israel, Mercy came to the Gentiles, that through their mercy, Israel may obtain mercy—Romans 11:30-31
There is no mention of individual salvation in Romans 9, that’s in chapter 10.