Scripture Reading: 2 Corinthians 5
For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness.4 Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt.
5 But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness.
Logizomai—reckoned, accounted, imputed, counted as part of the inventory. Faith is not a substitute for righteousness, faith is the way righteousness is counted to you.
--telling kids they can do something because you know they can. It’s not a lie, nor self-esteem trickery, they can, you know they can, now go! Call upon the reality they do not yet see. Tied in with faith—not by sight.
Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works, Saying, Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered. Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin.
--what is imputed—righteousness, which is same thing as forgiveness and not imputing sin.
4:9-10—so we can be accounted righteous and not have sin accounted to us, who gets this?
Cometh this blessedness then upon the circumcision only, or upon the uncircumcision also? for we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness.10 How was it then reckoned? when he was in circumcision, or in uncircumcision? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision.
Blessedness—that spoken of by both Abraham and David. All done for Abraham before the law and even before circumcision.
And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also:
Circumcision was not what he did for righteousness; it was a seal—token or proof of the righteousness he already had by faith. Believing Gentiles are saved by faith like Abraham.
Abraham is a type of all who are saved—he believed, that was it.
And being fully persuaded that, what he had promised, he was able also to perform.
22 And therefore it was imputed to him for righteousness.23 Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was imputed to him;24 But for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead;
Persuaded—assured. Confident God had the ability to fulfill His promise. Abraham believed and was counted righteous, this is written for us, Abraham is our pattern.
--Justification by faith is not a new Christian doctrine in opposition to an old Jewish doctrine of justification by works. All were saved by faith.
--Raised Jesus from dead—4:19--raised new life out of dead Abraham and Sarah
That is, They which are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed.
Counting spiritual children to be the real seed, not the actual physical seed.
For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us.
Sufferings are real, but we see the glory, which overshadows the suffering and changes our view of them. I count the glory to be greater than the suffering, giving a way of hope. This glory will be who we are, realized in us and upon us.
Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord.
Reckon—something is true that is not immediately apparent. You consider it to be so despite outward appearance because God said so—faith does not walk by sight. Calling upon a true reality over apparent reality.
--Reality is that we’re already dead even while still living. Die as truly unto sin, as he died for sin. Live as truly unto God, as he lives with God.
--This is not pretending you’re dead, just as God is not pretending you are righteous.
--It’s calling upon the settled fact that this is the way it is.