Scripture Reading: 1 Corinthians 12
1 Corinthians 12:1
Now concerning spiritual gifts, brethren, I would not have you ignorant.
1 Corinthians 12:4-7
Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit.5 And there are differences of administrations, but the same Lord.6 And there are diversities of operations, but it is the same God which worketh all in all.7 But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal.
Spiritual—from God’s Spirit, what belongs to God’s Spirit. Corinth was abusing spiritual things, so Paul wants to clarify their ignorance.
One Spirit but distributes diverse things to members of body. One Lord but differences in administration—office, function, service. One God but different operations—workings, effects or results. Each member does different things with different effects, but all to build up the Body.
1 Corinthians 12:8-10
For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit;9 To another faith by the same Spirit; to another the gifts of healing by the same Spirit;10 To another the working of miracles; to another prophecy; to another discerning of spirits; to another divers kinds of tongues; to another the interpretation of tongues
Word of wisdom—utterance to impart wisdom to others. May be referring to revelation of new stuff from God.
Word of Knowledge—teaching what is to be done.
Faith—confidence in God to provide.
Healing—curing different diseases
Miracles—special power, dunamis
Prophecy—foretelling things to come. To tell forth to edify, comfort and exhort.
Discerning spirits—knowing where things come from: God, humans, devil. Ability to discern the origin of ones actions
Tongues—speaking in an unknown language
Interpretation—knowing what a tongues speaker was saying.
1 Corinthians 12:28-31
And God hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, diversities of tongues.29 Are all apostles? are all prophets? are all teachers? are all workers of miracles?30 Have all the gifts of healing? do all speak with tongues? do all interpret?31 But covet earnestly the best gifts: and yet shew I unto you a more excellent way.
Not everyone does the same thing. Not coveting in a fleshly sense, but a desire to be of use. You can do other gifts even if they aren’t your main one. Love is the better way. Corinthians church was messed up in self-glorying gifts that were not edifying others but glorifying individuals and causing division.
1 Corinthians 13:8-13
Charity never faileth: but whether there be prophecies, they shall fail; whether there be tongues, they shall cease; whether there be knowledge, it shall vanish away.9 For we know in part, and we prophesy in part.10 But when that which is perfect is come, then that which is in part shall be done away.11 When I was a child, I spake as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child: but when I became a man, I put away childish things.12 For now we see through a glass, darkly; but then face to face: now I know in part; but then shall I know even as also I am known.13 And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these is charity.
JFB--A primary fulfillment of Paul’s statement took place when the Church attained its maturity; then “tongues” entirely “ceased,” and “prophesyings” and “knowledge,” so far as they were supernatural gifts of the Spirit, were superseded as no longer required when the ordinary preaching of the word, and the Scriptures of the New Testament collected together, had become established institutions.
In part—imperfectly, partial knowledge,
That which is perfect—complete, as opposed to a part. Ultimately Christ’s return, or our appearance with Him, but now the completed revelation of God’s Word. Church won’t always need these gifts, but we’ll always need love.
Glass—mirror, reflections not the real thing. Once we see clearly, we don’t need partial, reflected stuff through special gifts.
For as we have many members in one body, and all members have not the same office:5 So we, being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.6 Having then gifts differing according to the grace that is given to us, whether prophecy, let us prophesy according to the proportion of faith;7 Or ministry, let us wait on our ministering: or he that teacheth, on teaching;8 Or he that exhorteth, on exhortation: he that giveth, let him do it with simplicity; he that ruleth, with diligence; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.
Gifts are given by grace and exercised by faith.
Wait on ministry—be occupied with serving, absorbed in, devoted to.