Scripture Reading: Isaiah 64
--Romans 9:19 raises second objection to God choosing Jacob and Isaac over their brothers, first objection was in 9:14—is there unrighteousness with God?
Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he yet find fault? For who hath resisted his will?
20 Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou made me thus?21 Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honor, and another unto dishonor?
Who is God to judge? Why can God have a problem with Ishmael, Esau, or Pharaoh?
Repliest—contradict, argue against, dispute. You arguing about God’s chosen method for showing mercy doesn’t change it, you don’t know what you’re talking about.
Clay—we’re made from dirt. Some vessels were made for special purposes, some weren’t.
What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction:23 And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory,24 Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?
Wrath—holy displeasure against sin. Power—ability to punish sinners. God prepared these people for the development of this plan of redemption, Jacob and Esau were chosen for their part and nothing they do can change their part. Jew Gentile—whether Abraham’s family or Pharaoh. No matter who or where they are from.
--God called the Jewish people for this promise. Calling of Gentiles today as part of His plan of redemption and setting aside of Israel comes into play now.
As he saith also in Osee, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved.26 And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people; there shall they be called the children of the living God. [from Hosea 2:23; 1:10]
Not my people—Gentiles, called my people—true Israel, children of Abraham by faith/promise, not by fleshly means/works. Gentiles, previously excluded, are now included.
--moves from examples of individuals to dealing with Jews and Gentiles as people groups.
Esaias also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved:28 For he will finish the work [word], and cut it short in righteousness: because a short work will the Lord make upon the earth.29 And as Esaias said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth [hosts] had left us a seed, we had been as Sodoma, and been made like unto Gomorrha. [Isaiah 10:22-23] Isaiah 1:9
Remnant—only a small part of Israel would be saved out of thousands—just because you are related to Abraham doesn’t mean you’re saved, have to go God’s way not by fleshly means.
Short work—God will bring His word’s intent quickly. He’s not messing around.
--If God hadn’t made room for a seed through mercy, they would have all been wiped out! Nothing particularly more righteous about Israel, not why he chose them.
What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which followed not after righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith.31 But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness, hath not attained to the law of righteousness.
32 Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone;33 As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.
Righteousness of faith—God’s chosen method of showing mercy. Not attained—what was given to help them, they used as a hurdle to keep from faith. Israel set aside because they didn’t do that; Gentiles brought in because they did.
They did to stumble because of God’s eternal decree, but because they sought their own righteousness by works and not faith.
All your cute ideas about how you think people should be saved mean nothing. You didn’t set the plan of redemption. God did. Use His means; they are the only ones that work!