Scripture Reading: Isaiah 25
What man of you, having an hundred sheep, if he lose one of them, doth not leave the ninety and nine in the wilderness, and go after that which is lost, until he find it?
Either what woman having ten pieces of silver, if she lose one piece, doth not light a candle, and sweep the house, and seek diligently till she find it?
Prodigal Son—takes Dad’s inheritance, blows it, feeds pigs, comes to himself, decides it’s better to be one of Dad’s servants than eating with pigs. Goes home to find dad waiting.
--Dad did not go look for him; he waited for him.
Most think these parables are about salvation, and certainly you can learn things about salvation, but they have a different point:
And when he hath found it, he layeth it on his shoulders, rejoicing. And when he cometh home, he calleth together his friends and neighbours, saying unto them, Rejoice with me; for I have found my sheep which was lost.
Luke 15:9-10—joy is better collectively!
And when she hath found it, she calleth her friends and her neighbours together, saying, Rejoice with me; for I have found the piece which I had lost.10 Likewise, I say unto you, there is joy in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner that repenteth.
It’s God’s joy, shared in the presence of the angels.
And the son said unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in thy sight, and am no more worthy to be called thy son.22 But the father said to his servants, Bring forth the best robe, and put it on him; and put a ring on his hand, and shoes on his feet:23 And bring hither the fatted calf, and kill it; and let us eat, and be merry:24 For this my son was dead, and is alive again; he was lost, and is found. And they began to be merry.
Now his elder son was in the field: and as he came and drew nigh to the house, he heard musick and dancing.26 And he called one of the servants, and asked what these things meant.27 And he said unto him, Thy brother is come; and thy father hath killed the fatted calf, because he hath received him safe and sound.28 And he was angry, and would not go in: therefore came his father out, and intreated him.29 And he answering said to his father, Lo, these many years do I serve thee, neither transgressed I at any time thy commandment: and yet thou never gavest me a kid, that I might make merry with my friends:30 But as soon as this thy son was come, which hath devoured thy living with harlots, thou hast killed for him the fatted calf.31 And he said unto him, Son, thou art ever with me, and all that I have is thine.32 It was meet that we should make merry, and be glad: for this thy brother was dead, and is alive again; and was lost, and is found.
Eldest son won’t join the rejoicing, he’s resentful. Father shows same compassion on both sons. Intreat—comfort, implore, beg, strive to appease. Eldest interprets the party as for the prodigal’s benefit; whereas the party is for the father’s joy.
Luke 15:1-2-- Making merry over saved sinners is the point of the passage.
Then drew near unto him all the publicans and sinners for to hear him.2 And the Pharisees and scribes murmured, saying, This man receiveth sinners, and eateth with them.
Murmur—indignant complaining. Receiveth—to admit, await, allow. If Jesus eats with sinners, He must be one too. Jesus eats with them, not because He’s joining their sin, but because they were sinners now saved! Pharisees still see them as sinners; Jesus does not.
--Does your religion, faith, self-righteousness prevent you from rejoicing about such things?
And in this mountain shall the Lord of hosts make unto all people a feast of fat things, a feast of wines on the lees, of fat things full of marrow, of wines on the lees well refined.7 And he will destroy in this mountain the face of the covering cast over all people, and the vail that is spread over all nations.8 He will swallow up death in victory; and the Lord God will wipe away tears from off all faces; and the rebuke of his people shall he take away from off all the earth: for the Lord hath spoken it.9 And it shall be said in that day, Lo, this is our God; we have waited for him, and he will save us: this is the Lord; we have waited for him, we will be glad and rejoice in his salvation.
Wines on the lees—most aged wine. Covering and vail—once on the Gentiles, now on the Jews. Swallow death—Messiah by tasting death, defeats death resulting in complete destruction of death.
Removes ignorance, sorrow, sin, and death.