Scripture Reading: Exodus 33
What Christ began in you He will finish—foreknow, predestine, call, justify, glorify, He’ll do it and nothing can stop it.
--How can we be sure of God’s care when the history of His people is so disastrous?
--not a parenthesis, a case in point of what chapter 8 talked about.
I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost,
2 That I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart.3 For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh:
Paul claims three witnesses for the truth of what he says: Christ, the Spirit, and his conscience. Heaviness—sadness, grief. Sorrow—consuming pain. Accursed—set apart to destruction and apart from Christ—what Christ did for us, hang on a tree.
Exodus 32:32—Blot me out of your book if it means Israel will be forgiven—Moses.
Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises;5 Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.
6 Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For they are not all Israel, which are of Israel:7 Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all children: but, In Isaac shall thy seed be called.
Adoption—firstborn of His people. God made covenant and promises before that didn’t work out as far as we can tell! None effect—fallen out, failed to accomplish, come to naught. God’s Word contains a prophecy that not all Israel will get it. Promise was only made to those who had faith, the children of promise are not all hereditary Israel.
That is, They which are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed.9 For this is the word of promise, At this time will I come, and Sarah shall have a son.10 And not only this; but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac;11 (For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;)
Abraham and Sara had child by promise and a child of flesh by another woman. Rebekah, same woman same father, had one elected son and Esau wasn’t it!
Purpose of God—Called according to His purpose—God will do His purpose just like he brought up in relation to us in Chapter 8. According to election not works—God’s purpose was so firm it was ordained to be regardless of who the kids were.
It was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger.13 As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated.14 What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? God forbid.15 For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.
Elder Younger—greater and smaller. Edomites although larger, were often beat up on by Israel. Loved Hated—hate father, mother, strengthened by contrast, not necessarily them as people but including their descendants.
Unrighteousness with God—is God unjust? Quoted from Exodus 33:19—Moses made intercession for the people that God would forgive them all. God basically refuses the request and says He will have mercy on who He will have mercy and it has no bearing on merit or works. His mercy comes on God’s terms; not man’s.
So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy.
17 For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth.
18 Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth.
God is under no obligation to relent to man’s desires or efforts.
—Joseph—“what you meant for evil, God meant for good” which led to Slavery in Egypt was bad, but God worked it for good.
Raised—brought you forward, put you on the stage of events. God put in office the exact person necessary to make sure God’s purpose was done and God would get the glory. God shows mercy to those who believe and hardens those who don’t.
--Israel tried to work their own righteousness Chapter 10. Doesn’t work, have to do it God’s way.