Scripture Reading: Matthew 12:1-21
John 14:6-- Truth—what is it? Is the truth facts?
Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.
Christ is the perfect revelation of God the Father: He embodies what men ought to know and believe of God; what they should do as children of God, and what they should be. Truth is a person!
John 1:14-17-- Psalm 119:142—thy law is the truth
And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.15 John bare witness of him, and cried, saying, This was he of whom I spake, He that cometh after me is preferred before me: for he was before me.16 And of his fulness have all we received, and grace for [upon] grace.17 For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.
Grace and truth—Wesley—“We are all by nature liars and children of wrath, to whom both grace and truth are unknown.” Moses revealed God’s law, wasn’t his own; Christ is the embodiment of grace and truth. Moses gave laws, facts, an explanation of the truth, Christ is the truth. John 17:17—thy word is truth.
Our fathers worshipped in this mountain; and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship.21Jesus said to her, Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father.22Ye worship ye know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews.23But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeks such to worship him 24God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.
Know not what--Samaritans didn’t know who or where to worship. Samaritans stuck with books of Moses, missed all the prophecies about the coming Christ. Gentiles knew even less. Salvation is of the Jews—a known fact and revelation, but soon to be demonstrated apart from Jerusalem. In Spirit—not a physical place or ritual. In truth—separated from false conceptions of God resulting from imperfect knowledge. Christ revealed in the flesh, God who is Spirit, so that we in the flesh may worship in Spirit and in truth.
And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you forever17 Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.
But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me:
I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now.13 Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of [from] himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come.
Spirit of truth—Vincent--The Spirit, who has the truth, reveals it, by knowledge in the understanding; confers it by practical proof and taste in the will; testifies of it to others also through those to whom He has revealed it; and defends that truth,
Not just true facts or signs, but a living embodiment of truth. The disciples are walking as spiritually blind, but the Spirit will guide them by the hand to truth.
For when we were in the flesh, the motions of sins, which were by the law, did work in our members to bring forth fruit unto death.6 But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead wherein we were held; that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter.
Serve in newness not oldness—JFB--not in our old way of literal, mechanical obedience to the divine law, as a set of external rules of conduct, without reference to the state of our heart; but in a new way of spiritual obedience which, through union to the risen Savior, we have learned to render
Wesley--Not in a bare literal, external way
2 Corinthians 3:6-9
Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life.7 But if the ministration of death, written and engraven in stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not stedfastly behold the face of Moses for the glory of his countenance; which glory was to be done away:8 How shall not the ministration of the spirit be rather glorious?9 For if the ministration of condemnation be glory, much more doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory.
Wesley--if we adhere to the literal sense even of the moral law, if we regard only the precept and the sanction as they stand in themselves, not as they lead us to Christ, they are doubtless a killing ordinance, and bind us down under the sentence of death.
JFB--True spirituality rests on the whole written word, applied to the soul by the Holy Spirit as the only infallible interpreter of its far-reaching spirituality.