Scripture Reading: 1 Corinthians 15:19-45
--Perhaps Paul was stitching a tent while dictating this part!
--Basic Point of chapter 5—both the problem and the solution were before the Law.
Romans 5:12-14-- how Adam and Christ are similar in cause and effect.
Therefore, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men, because all sinned 13 for until the Law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law. 14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over those who had not sinned in the likeness of the offense of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.
One man—By Adam sin entered. Death was the wage of sin. Sin is now our default we are born into and thus we all die. Until the law—Between Adam and Moses. Death reigned—as king. Likeness—didn’t go against a specific law spoken to them from God like Adam.
Type of Him--All die because their representative sinned. Contrasts with Christ’s representation in righteousness to bring life.
Romans 5:15—how Adam and Christ are different in cause and effect.
But the free gift [charisma] is not like the transgression. For if by the transgression of the one the many died, much more did the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abound to the many.
Not like—here’s how they are different. Adam’s one sin leads to all dying; All die with no exceptions; salvation is available to the many, but not all take it. Many—grace extends to as many as death went to, no limited atonement.
Adam leads to death; Christ leads to life.
The gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned; for on the one hand the judgment arose from one transgression resulting in condemnation, but on the other hand the free gift arose from many transgressions resulting in justification. 17 For if by the transgression of the one, death reigned through the one, much more those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.
One transgression leads to death for all. One provision of righteousness takes away all the sins of all for all time! Adam’s one sin ruined everything; yet even all that ruin and sin of humanity can’t stop God’s grace.
Grace. . .gift—essentially the same thing.
Adam’s sin leads to death; justification in Christ leads to life!
--Death and sin reign as tyrants, forced on you; life is voluntarily accepted.
So then as through one transgression there resulted condemnation to all men, even so through one act of righteousness there resulted justification of life to all men. 19 For as through the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous.
Adam’s one act did us in; Christ’s one act (obedience of death) provides deliverance.
Disobedience—mishear, inattention. Faith is hearing; disobeying is not hearing. The first step to sin is inattention and carelessness. We sin because of who we are as related to Adam. Made—appointed, set down as, constituted.
Obedience—attentive listening, compliance. We do righteousness because of who we are as related to Christ.
Romans 5:20-21—deal with as we go into chapter 6
The Law came in so that the transgression would increase; but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more [superabounded], 21 so that, as sin reigned in death, even so grace would reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
Law came in-- problem existed before Law of Moses. Law was added, it is not a primary feature in the problem or salvation of man. All law did was make the problem worse—
God’s grace can deal with what Adam did and can deal with what we’re all doing!
Through Jesus Christ—once Christ is there, Adam and his junk is done away with!
--Relation to Adam means doing sin; relation to Christ means doing righteousness. Grace doesn’t just overcome sin; it creates us new to do righteousness.
--Not a defeatist—well I’m in Adam, I have to sin. Nope! Cuz now you’re in Christ! Reckon it to be true and act like it!