Scripture Reading: Romans 3:9-31
Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God,2 (Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures,) 3 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh;4 And declared [proved] to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead
Power—superhuman display. Spirit—in contrast to flesh in vs. 3. 1 Peter 3:18—put to death in the flesh but quickened by the Spirit. Resurrection is what put His divinity on full display.
For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to everyone that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.
17 For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness
Not ashamed—implies it requires courage to present the message. It is foolish.
Power—superhuman provision for human salvation. Faith—faith procures the righteousness available in the Gospel, growing in faith makes righteousness grow in who we are. Not just faith to save, but faith to live and grow in. Hold—keep the truth held down under their sin.
Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers,
30 Backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,31 Without understanding, covenantbreakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful:32 Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.
People know the wages of sin is death and they know they sin. Instead of coming to faith, they rejoice in one another’s sin. Knowing judgment—conscience, law in heart as in Chapter 2. Pleasure--Not sin they slip into, sin they revel in.
Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness [past sin] and forbearance [present] and longsuffering [future]; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance?5 But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;6 Who will render to every man according to his deeds:
Treasurest—instead of heavenly treasure, wrath. Revelation—not just in word, but acted on and enforced. Deeds—the moral tenor of life is basis of judgment.
To them who by patient continuance in well doing seek for glory and honour and immortality, eternal life:8 But unto them that are contentious, and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, indignation and wrath,9 Tribulation and anguish, upon every soul of man that doeth evil, of the Jew first, and also of the Gentile;
10 But glory, honour, and peace, to every man that worketh good, to the Jew first, and also to the Gentile:11 For there is no respect of persons with God.
Contentious—factious, self-seeking. Respect—regard for birth or race or external, non-moral reasons.
Romans 2:28-29—law won’t cut it because law is external
For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh:29 But he is a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God.
Old Covenant was turned into external obedience, God has always looked for internal transformation that changes the external. Law couldn’t do that; faith can.
Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin.21 But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets;22 Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference:23 For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;24 Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus
Law shows what sin is, but has no power to take it away or stop it. Main point of OT was to point to Messiah. Fallen short—failed to earn His approval. Freely—it’s right there for anyone to take. Redemption—payment of ransom, price paid, Bible says that was His blood. Not forgiveness by decree, but by a redeeming act.