Scripture Reading: Romans 5
Why do you sin? Last week we concluded that you don’t sin because God ordained your sin. We don’t want to admit our sin was our fault, so the next step is to blame it on our nature—we sin because we can’t help it; God made us this way!
“We are not sinners because we sin; we sin because we are sinners.” RC Sproul
And say, Hear ye the word of the Lord, O kings of Judah, and inhabitants of Jerusalem; Thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will bring evil upon this place, the which whosoever heareth, his ears shall tingle.4 Because they have forsaken me, and have estranged this place, and have burned incense in it unto other gods, whom neither they nor their fathers have known, nor the kings of Judah, and have filled this place with the blood of innocents;5 They have built also the high places of Baal, to burn their sons with fire for burnt offerings unto Baal, which I commanded not, nor spake it, neither came it into my mind:
Who is this innocent crowd?! Many interpret it to be the babies sacrificed. Others more of a general unjust taking of life—2:34; 7:6
Yea, they sacrificed their sons and their daughters unto devils,38 And shed innocent blood, even the blood of their sons and of their daughters, whom they sacrificed unto the idols of Canaan: and the land was polluted with blood.
Blood of innocent can be used in regard to killing God’s people, or taking vengeance on someone who is innocent of the avenged crime, Judas toward Jesus, or in relation to killing babies in sacrifice.
Are babies innocent or born guilty?
--Original sin—Adam’s sin makes all mankind a “lump of perdition” according to Augustine, the inventor of the doctrine. “by Adam’s sin the whole race of which he was the root was corrupted in him. . . [they] were tainted with the original sin.”
Augustine, Calvin and Luther view sin as intrinsic to human nature
Luther, “Original sin is that very thing which is born of a father and mother. Man, as he is born of father and mother, is with his whole nature and essence not merely a sinner but sin itself.”
--Total Depravity--Not only are we born with Adam’s sin and guilt, we’re unable to be drawn to the good, therefore God must predestine us against our will.
Does the Bible say we are guilty of Adam’s sin and born sinners?
Deuteronomy 24:16—every man shall be put to death for his own sin.
Ezekiel 18 says clearly—the soul that sinneth it shall die. Children are not guilty of the sins of their fathers, nor should they be punished for them.
2 Samuel 12:22-23—David says he will go where his dead baby is.
The charge of sin is based on your ability to understand what you are doing.
James 4:17—to him who knoweth to good and does not do it, to him it is sin.
Leviticus 4—a chapter about sins of ignorance, there is no sacrifice for these sins, until the point where the person is made aware of his sin.
Jonah 4:11-- should not I spare Nineveh, that great city, wherein are more than sixscore thousand persons that cannot discern between their right hand and their left hand; and also much cattle?
Acts 17:30—God winks at a time of ignorance, a time when Gentiles didn’t know the depth of their error. God overlooks their sin because of ignorance.
--There is no Jewish conception of Original Sin—“Judaism believes that each person is born innocent. Jews believe that individuals are responsible for their own actions and that “sinning” occurs when someone does something wrong.”
--Bar Mitzvah—13-year old boys become accountable to God’s Law, means son of commandment.
Romans 4:15—where there is no law there is no transgression.
Romans 5:13--For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.”
Do children sin? Certainly. Do children know God’s law? Very imperfectly.
--The Bible seems to assume an age of accountability, death before that point means the child is viewed as innocent of sin, thus they will be in heaven.
--Augustine said dead babies are all in hell because they are guilty thru Adam. Guilty by association. God must not judge us on every deed, but rather on the deed of someone else.
Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:13 (For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come.
Sin entered the world and death as a result. We are born dying, which leads to selfishness and sin. But sin is not imputed with no law. We die because we sin, not because our dad did. Type of Christ—are all automatically righteous in Christ? No, faith has to come. We join Adam in his sin by our choice.
Blaming our sin on Adam equals—the woman you gave me made me do it.