Scripture Reading: Psalm 9
Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God.2 Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation.
Subject—submitted to powers above you.
Ordained—appointed, subordinate to, implying that they are His servants doing a job He appointed them to do.
Resisteth—set in array against, line up for battle against.
Ordinance—what was set in place, what God appointed.
Damnation—punishment sentenced for wrong doing. By God.
For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise of the same:4 For he is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain: for he is the minister of God, a revenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil.5 Wherefore ye must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also for conscience sake.
You can esteem their power and have fear to stop you from wrong doing, or do the wrong and fear the punishment. Less God the more government.
Sword—instrument of capital punishment.
Revenger—one who takes vengeance, punishes. Same root word as “Vengeance is mine” in Romans 12:9. Govenerment is one way that God takes vengeance on people.
For wrath—getting punished by government
Conscience sake—fear of God’s authority given to government.
For for this cause pay ye tribute also: for they are God's ministers, attending continually upon this very thing.7 Render therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honor to whom honor.
Minister—carrying out a divine task. Very thing—arrying out punishment, maintaining societal order.
Tribute is on people; customs on merchandise.
Fear—reverence implying obedience. Honor—respect.
Owe no man anything, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law.9 For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. 10 Love worketh no ill to his neighbor: therefore love is the fulfilling of the law.
Love—a debt that is never fully paid, always due. Pay off your other ones.
Loving others fulfills the law and keeps you out of trouble with government.
Even if not specifically listed, anything that love would do is what we should do.
The same love that restrains you from evil incites you to do good.
And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep: for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed.12 The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armor of light.
High time—the hour has already come
Sleep—indifference to eternal things. Out of lethargy into zeal because time is running out.
Salvation—deliverance from this world, death or Christ’s appearing.
Night/day—the day is here because you’ve got the Gospel, so wake up and use it! Day when Christ is here as opposed to night when He is absent from earth.
Cast off—throw out, cast away. Take the clothes off.
Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying.14 But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof.
Honestly—decently, with honor, integrity.
In the day—walk in the light, do what is fit to be exposed in the light
Drunkenness—50% of murder victims are drunk when they are murdered. 50% of murderers were drunk when they murdered.
Provision—think beforehand, prepare. link with provide things honest. To feed foolish desires. Meditate on evil. Thoughts were evil continually in Noah’s day. Pay no attention to the cravings of your flesh.
Put on Lord—you cast off works of darkness, now put on Christ.